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1 February 2006
This textbook for conservation education, entitled "Paper and Water", is developed by Irene Brückle, Head of Conservation, Kupferstichkabinett, and Prof. Dr. Gerhard Banik, Head, Studiengang Restaurierung und Konservierung von Graphik, Archiv- und Bibliotheksgut, Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste Stuttgart, Germany. The project is financially supported by the Leonardo da Vinci Programme, European Union, and by a Conservation Publication Grant of the H. Samuel Kress Foundation provided through the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works. The content is tested through more than ten seminars and workshops (2002 - 2006) presented to students and senior specialists in conservation, conservation science, and conservation education in Europe and the USA.
The book will detail why water plays a significant role throughout the life of paper. Water plays a role in the production, use and aging of paper, and is an essential ingredient in conservation treatment procedures. The book explains the interaction between paper and water from a scientific and practical conservation perspective, and supported by custom-designed illustrations, videos and animations.
Topics discussed in the book include: structure and properties of dry and wet paper; structure and properties of water; paper production steps relevant to the interaction between paper and water; influence of humid climate conditions on the deterioration of paper; principles of aqueous deacidification; preparation and use of aqueous solutions, methods of treating paper with water, as well as factors influencing their effectiveness; mechanisms of drying paper during its production; methods of drying paper in conservation; historical and ethical dimensions of aqueous treatment in paper conservation.
Several authors contribute to the manuscript, among them Dr. Vincent Daniels, Research Fellow, Royal College of Art, London; Prof. Dr. D. Steven Keller, Associate Professor, Paper Science and Engineering, SUNY-College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, New York; Joanna Kosek, M.A., Acting Head, Western Pictorial Art, The British Museum, London; Dr. Anthony W. Smith, Camberwell College of Art, London; and Prof. Dr. Paul Whitmore, Director, Research Center on the Materials of the Artist and Conservator, Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA. Videos and Animations are produced by Prof. Dr. Alfred Vendl, and Stefan Fischer, Technical Chemistry - Science Visualisation, Institut for Art and Technology at the University of Applied Arts, Vienna.
The production of this work is supported internationally by the Institute for Paper Conservation (IPC); the International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM); and International Association of Book and Paper Conservators (IADA).