northern edge of North America from Alaska to Greenland is inhabited by
numerous peoples known collectively as 'Eskimos'. The 'First Nation' in
Alaska refer to themselves as Alutiiq (Aleuts), Yup'ik and Inupiaq, while
the peoples in Canada and Greenland prefer the term Inuit.
The extreme arctic climate demanded a high level of adaptability and technical
ingenuity to make life in the cold surroundings possible. Items invented
by these peoples include clothing made of seal or caribou skin, waterproof
outer garments made from entrails (anoraks), the leather-covered, watertight
canoe and the harpoon, the chief hunting weapon.
Man's jacket made of caribou skin
Central Eskimos (Inuit) of Canada. Collected
by Captain Corner